WHAT

WHO

HOW MUCH

HOW

PROGRAM
FINANCING
ABSOLUTE DIMENSIONS
RELATIVE DIMENSIONS
DESIGN STRATEGY

SURFACE EXTENSION

SURFACE REDUCTION

VOLUME EXTENSION

VOLUME REDUCTION

STRUCTURE

MATERIAL

IMAGE

84 PROJECTS

Variation of modes of use: functions, users, schedules, etc.

Relationship between the ownership and the form of the investment that allows the transformation

Variation of the overall dimensions of the building

Proportional relationship between new spaces and existing spaces

Relationship between the structural adjustments and the existing structure

Relationship between the forms and types of pre-existing materials and those of the new intervention

Relationship between the image of the new and the image of the existing (mimesis / contrast)

LOCATION

SAN PELLEGRINO TERME - BG

ARCHITECTS / FIRM

NUOVE TERME: De8 architetti KURSAAL : Tobia Scarpa + De8 architetti

YEAR

2014

80 Tobia Scarpa + De8 architetti – Thermal Storytelling. San Pellegrino Terme Urban Regeneration


PROJECT - Main Infos

PROJECT: 80 Tobia Scarpa + De8 architetti – Thermal Storytelling. San Pellegrino Terme Urban Regeneration

LOCATION: SAN PELLEGRINO TERME - BG

YEAR: 2014

ARCHITECT / FIRM: NUOVE TERME: De8 architetti KURSAAL : Tobia Scarpa + De8 architetti

BUYER: Municipality of San Pellegrino Terme + Stilo + QC terme

SURFACE: 10.000 sqm

PRICE: € 15.000.000

DESCRIPTION:
The dismission of industrial buildings of S.Pellegrino, Nestle Group, placed near the historical water mineral source, it has created a place identity loss. Not a simple urban void, but a general lack of vision for the "capital of Liberty" in northern Italy. After the splendor of the early twentieth century it became clear that it was implementing a clear separation between the fortunes of the factory, global, and the leisure place identity, more and more local. More than a lack of investment was the lack of perspective to make dramatic this scenario, with the abandonment of the historic buildings, industrial and cultural (Kursaal - Terme). An even more dramatic scenario if inserted it in the economic context of Val Brembana, for years in the list of economically depressed regional places . Today, in the global world, San Pellegrino is a brand, "the better mineral water ", rather than a physical place. The urban regeneration project fits into this discussion, not only the issue of replacing the buildings, but the perceived distance between place immaterial and physical place. The project, overall, of San Pellegrino Terme urban regeneration project, brings together very different problems, which sometimes are conflicting: the dialectic between public and private investment, the interests of the community and of individual actors, and the consistency between historical heritage and new contemporary languages, the idea of a new Spa, not only medical thermal building. The first project action was the re-definition of the sites. We moved on the extra urban topographic level, the same of the monuments Liberty and the water source, the collective functions: the theater and the Nuove Terme . For Heidegger the concept of living, staying human in a place, not only it implies the building, but rather to take care: take care of the place means giving to the place an evolutionary possibility, an opposite attitude to the simple conservation. The Nuove Terme is a "distillation" of the place: the Art Nouveau architecture, the water and the landscape, are the elements of this project. We decided, in agreement with the investors and the manager, to bring back the Thermal Baths in the place from which the whole history of San Pellegrino originated, the place where the water flows after climbing the geological fault. It was necessary to reorder the pre-existences, re-define hierarchies and contamination, take care of the historical housing designed new functions. The spa program, shared with the management company, has highlighted the need to implement the "water monument" that was missing in San Pellegrino. Not an iconic building, but an element part of the architectural complex, capable of giving a new structure to the whole. Building a “monument" to be placed into an architectural scale , representing the "staging" of the water process: the water going up from geological fault , arrive in surface and then evaporates.

WHAT - Program


PREVALENT CONSERVATION / CONTINUITY: The functional program remains predominantly the original one, with a limited new program.

DESCRIPTION:
The urban regeneration project, in its realised first phase, dealt with the construction of the foyer of the Kursaal and the construction of the New Thermal building too. In both projects the new buildings have the task of enhancing the existing Art Nouveau architecture, confirming the cultural and thermal program of San Pellegrino Terme.

WHO - Financing


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: Balanced financing between the original owner and another investor.

DESCRIPTION:
The project, overall, of San Pellegrino Terme urban regeneration project, brings together very different problems, which sometimes are conflicting: the dialectic between public and private investment, the interests of the community and of individual actors, and the consistency between historical heritage and new contemporary languages, the idea of a new Spa, not only medical thermal building.

HOW MUCH - Absolute Dimensions

- SURFACE present EXTENSION,

PREVALENT CONSERVATION / CONTINUITY: The overall dimensions increase moderately with respect to the pre-existing surface.

- VOLUME present NO VARIATION,

TOTAL CONSERVATION / CONTINUITY: The overall dimensions are equal to the pre-existing volume.

DESCRIPTION:
The new foyer of the Kursaal allow the theater accessible independently of former Casino. The architectural skin in perforated corten also covers the rock wall on which the foyer is built, incorporating a piece of nature into the project. The New Baths, built near the water spring, are built exactly on the foot print of the old hotel, so as not to alter the geological conditions of the site.

HOW MUCH - Relative Dimensions


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: The new spaces are in balance with respect to the pre- existing spaces.

DESCRIPTION:
In both projects, contemporary architecture dialogues with existing buildings, making everything more consistent with the landscape and the historical contest as well. The small volumetric additions are necessary to make the existing volumes usable again, finding a function that is coherent and compatible with their historical and architectural value in a new economical dimension.

HOW - Design Strategy STRUCTURE


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: The supporting structure is composed in a balanced way by pre-existing structures and new structures.

DESCRIPTION:
One of the mission of these projects was to be able to reuse the disused historic buildings. To do this, we decided to build a new building for the thermal part "with water", with strong structural stresses, and to restore the arcade building by integrating it into the design. The new building, built exactly on the footprint of the old hotel, has a reinforced concrete structure with X-shaped pillars. The central structure with the water pools is the seismic upwind of the building.

HOW - Design Strategy MATERIAL


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: The materials chosen for the new intervention balance similarities and differences with the existing ones.

DESCRIPTION:
KURSAAL: A perforated corten "skin" (chromatically the material recalls the colours of the wood behind it) contrasted the Art Nouveau decorative apparatus of the monumental complex . The shadow, generates by light that passes through perforated pattern, create a new decoration, changeable and immaterial. Conceptually, the light that penetrates through a dense forest is recreated; this light floods the foyer and generates a new decorative structure, immaterial, diametrically opposed to the cement ornament of the early '900. At the scale of the landscape, the skin is a sort scenic backdrop; it makes the original monumental complex re-emerge with respect to the background of the forest, creating, by contrast, a perceptive distance. It outlines the contours and everything appears, again, clear. NEW THERMAL: A “water monument" building have to dialogue in an architectural scale; have to represents "the staging" of the water's process, that water which, going up the geological fault, gorges to the surface and then evaporates. The architectural skin is made of perforated concrete panels, with a rhythmic scanning that seem the facade of the source building. If the exterior design has to relate to existing buildings, the scale of the architecture, the interior was designed to remember the "geological" environment from which the water comes. A local stone, normally used for the cladding of the huts; has been used for the floors and walls.

HOW - Design Strategy IMAGE


PREVALENT CONSERVATION / CONTINUITY: The new intervention favors a relationship of continuity with the existing structures.

DESCRIPTION:
The function of ornament: The project is always a theoretical response to functional demands. The answer is always theoretical. In these two projects we had to find a strategy that could make a contemporary architectural language coexist with the ornament of the historical buildings. We chose to use perforated architectural skins that could create a new ornament "in negative", by subtraction, opposite to the original one. In the historical buildings, the ornament is "added", in concrete, while in the two new projects the ornament is "by subtraction"; it's the shadow that creates the ornamental design pattern. Everything else has been restored.

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