WHAT

WHO

HOW MUCH

HOW

PROGRAM
FINANCING
ABSOLUTE DIMENSIONS
RELATIVE DIMENSIONS
DESIGN STRATEGY

SURFACE EXTENSION

SURFACE REDUCTION

VOLUME EXTENSION

VOLUME REDUCTION

STRUCTURE

MATERIAL

IMAGE

84 PROJECTS

Variation of modes of use: functions, users, schedules, etc.

Relationship between the ownership and the form of the investment that allows the transformation

Variation of the overall dimensions of the building

Proportional relationship between new spaces and existing spaces

Relationship between the structural adjustments and the existing structure

Relationship between the forms and types of pre-existing materials and those of the new intervention

Relationship between the image of the new and the image of the existing (mimesis / contrast)

LOCATION

Monte Hacho’s Road. Ceuta (Spain).

ARCHITECTS / FIRM

MGM MORALES GILES MARISCAL ARQUITECTOS. (José Morales, Juan González Mariscal).

YEAR

2009

30 Mgm Morales De Giles Architect – Social Housing in Monte Hacho, Ceuta. Europan V Competition First Price.


PROJECT - Main Infos

PROJECT: 30 Mgm Morales De Giles Architect – Social Housing in Monte Hacho, Ceuta. Europan V Competition First Price.

LOCATION: Monte Hacho’s Road. Ceuta (Spain).

YEAR: 2009

ARCHITECT / FIRM: MGM MORALES GILES MARISCAL ARQUITECTOS. (José Morales, Juan González Mariscal).

BUYER: E.M.V.I.C.E.S.A. Ceuta

SURFACE: 1.422 sqm

PRICE: € 10.200.000,00

DESCRIPTION:
The contemporary project must aspire to capturing the suggestions of other disciplines. We are not the first to say that architecture does not necessarily proceed or derive from architecture itself. It is advisable to learn from everything and better still to be influenced by other disciplines. Contemporary art uses the idea of an "installation" to explain how the work of art can show all the forces, all the conditions, which modify or influence the shape of a place. In the end the art object disappears or, better yet, dissolves thanks to the original conditions of the place prior to the object itself. The growth of the contemporary city plunges us into these kinds of conditions, conditions present in our as yet non-built surroundings. Architecture needs to permanently negotiate unstable or highly modified landscapes, impossible topographies and heterogeneous programmes. All this calls for a conception of the segmented, dissolved project that grasps the remains of the sometimes most non-existent landscape it is possible to imagine. The contemporary project moves within this difficult mindset, more paradoxical than ever, which makes the principles of architecture reel upon having to borrow suggestions from other disciplines to make it viable. In this growth, the new spaces that the city claims demonstrate the predominance of the concept of a wild “landscape," as opposed to that of a domesticated city. In its tentacle-like prolongations the city must speak of this newly discovered territory. The plot of land the Europan 5 competition proposed in Ceuta had these characteristics. Monte Hacho, a place riddled with fortifications incrusted in a rocky mountainside, suffers the aggressiveness of the east wind, which blows 200 days a year at an average of 80 kilometers an hour. On top of that, the impenetrability of the rock and the accentuated topography have forced the self-constructed buildings in the area to adapt to cavities, hollows and small flat areas in order to colonize the singular nature of this place. The location, a former quarry, is full of pits resulting from the extraction of stone. The new houses protect themselves from the wind at the same time as they describe its lashing. These conditions, along with the implantation, communications with the city and the typologies of the houses, substantiate the decisions of the project.

WHAT - Program


TOTAL REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: The new functional program has completely replaced the original one.

DESCRIPTION:
The complex consists of 127 officially protected houses, of which 41 are single-family and the remainder distributed in six tower blocks, each of them fixed firmly in the old excavations of the quarry. Due to the strong topography and the rocky structure of the terrain, the single-family houses attempt to "scratch" the ground as little as possible, the rock being thereby introduced inside the dwelling, and the latter into the little pits of the pre-existing quarry. In order to protect itself from the wind, the concept of a "niche house" makes its appearance: the house cannot present its facade directly to the wind, but should construct its own barrier, instead, without ceasing to relate to the exterior. The resulting open space is as important as the space that is occupied. There is al so the "reversible house": a type of housing in which the position of its components can be interchanged, depending on the views: towards the Mediterranean or towards the Atlantic. On the other hand, and due to the topography of the terrain and to the rationality of the types proposed, we have thought of setting out the entrances as is fitting (upper or lower), although generally speaking one accedes to almost all the single-family houses from the street via the first floor, in which are situated the lounge, kitchen and terrace. The project's six towers emerge from the cluster of houses described above. The sum total in vertical terms of the functional packages-a package of bedrooms and of a kitchen and lounge-that adapt to the single-family houses are not in vain; packages freely set out on the ground plane, making for spatial diagonals towards the exterior that seek to capture the landscape of the Straits of Gibraltar.

WHO - Financing


TOTAL REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: Financing made entirely by an investor other than property.

DESCRIPTION:
E.M.V.I.C.E.S.A. Ceuta

HOW MUCH - Absolute Dimensions

- SURFACE present EXTENSION,

TOTAL REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: The overall dimensions are more than four times the pre- existing surface.

- VOLUME present EXTENSION,

TOTAL REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: The overall dimensions are more than four times the pre- existing volume.

DESCRIPTION:
The complex aforementioned, consists of 127 officially protected houses of new construction, of which 41 are single-family and the remainder distributed in six tower blocks, each of them fixed firmly in the old excavations of the quarry, reconstructing the old slope, with a total surface of 1422 m2.

HOW MUCH - Relative Dimensions


PREVALENT REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: The new spaces are prevalent with respect to the pre-existing spaces.

DESCRIPTION:
The direct action of the wind and the damp climate oblige the relationship of the house to the outside to be established through an intermediary, open-air space (also conceived as a functional package) that, without sticking out from the vertical plane of the tower, is excavated in the latter and acts as a form of ventilation and lighting for the entire house.

HOW - Design Strategy STRUCTURE


TOTAL REPLACEMENT / DISCONTINUITY: The original supporting structure has been completely replaced by a new structure.

DESCRIPTION:
Regarding the construction of the project, its foundations are stuck in the rock, avoiding the landslide. This foundations are constructed by containment walls and with concrete brake shoes braced to the walls. The reinforced concrete used for the vertical structure is prefab, avoiding the oxidation of the steel frame. The horizontal structure, protected by ceilings, floors or roofs, are in-situ. The joinery are put in the inner skin, to protect them from the action of wind.

HOW - Design Strategy MATERIAL


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: The materials chosen for the new intervention balance similarities and differences with the existing ones.

DESCRIPTION:
As the structure is the main material of the housing project, the concrete used for the structure gives them their material identity, giving the towers a rock-appearance, protecting the housing unit from the direct action of the wind. The open-fachade is made out a metal-net protection, that creates intermediate-terrace space in between this outer fachade and the inner one.

HOW - Design Strategy IMAGE


BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND REPLACEMENT: The new intervention balances elements of continuity and discontinuity with respect to existing structures.

DESCRIPTION:
The plot of land the Europan 5 competition proposed in Ceuta had these characteristics. Monte Hacho, a place riddled with fortifications incrusted in a rocky mountainside, suffers the aggressiveness of the east wind, which blows 200 days a year at an average of 80 kilometers an hour. On top of that, the impenetrability of the rock and the accentuated topography have forced the self-constructed buildings in the area to adapt to cavities, hollows and small flat areas in order to colonize the singular nature of this place. The location, a former quarry, is full of pits resulting from the extraction of stone. The new houses protect themselves from the wind at the same time as they describe its lashing. These conditions, along with the implantation, communications with the city and the typologies of the houses, substantiate the decisions of the project.